Bermuda Grass in North Texas


January 09, 2024


Cultivation and Care for a Lush Lawn

Bermuda grass, scientifically known as Cynodon dactylon, is a popular choice for lawns in North Texas due to its heat tolerance and ability to thrive in the region’s climate. This warm-season grass is known for its fine texture and deep green color, making it a favorite for both residential and commercial landscaping. In this article, we’ll explore the specifics of growing and maintaining Bermuda grass in North Texas, ensuring a lush, green, and healthy lawn.

Understanding Bermuda Grass

Bermuda grass is a perennial turfgrass, which means it comes back year after year. It’s well-suited for the warm, sometimes arid climate of North Texas. This grass type is characterized by its aggressive growth, tolerance to high temperatures, and ability to recover quickly from damage.

Choosing the Right Bermuda Grass

Several varieties of Bermuda grass are available, each with unique characteristics. Some popular types in North Texas include ‘Tifway 419’, ‘Celebration’, and ‘Princess 77’. When selecting a variety, consider factors like shade tolerance, drought resistance, and maintenance requirements.

Planting Bermuda Grass

Bermuda grass can be established from seeds, sods, or plugs. The best time to plant Bermuda grass in North Texas is late spring or early summer when soil temperatures consistently reach 65°F. Here’s how to plant it:

  1. Soil Preparation: Bermuda grass requires well-drained soil. Test the soil pH; it should be between 5.8 and 7.0. Amend the soil with lime or sulfur if necessary.
  2. Planting: If using seeds, sow them evenly across the prepared soil and lightly cover them. For sods or plugs, lay them on the prepared area, ensuring good soil contact.
  3. Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist until the grass is established.

Watering and Fertilizing

Proper watering and fertilizing are crucial for Bermuda grass:

  • Watering: Bermuda grass needs about 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week, either from rainfall or irrigation. Water deeply and infrequently to encourage deep root growth.
  • Fertilizing: Use a balanced fertilizer with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Fertilize Bermuda grass every 4 to 6 weeks during the growing season.

Mowing and Maintenance

Regular mowing is essential for a thick, lush Bermuda lawn:

  • Mowing Height: Keep Bermuda grass at a height of 1 to 1.5 inches. Mow regularly, never removing more than one-third of the grass blade at a time.
  • Aeration and Dethatching: Aerating the lawn yearly helps improve soil compaction. Dethatch the lawn if thatch buildup exceeds half an inch.

Dealing with Pests and Diseases

Bermuda grass is susceptible to certain pests and diseases, like grubs and brown patch. Regular monitoring and timely treatment with appropriate pesticides or fungicides are necessary.

Winter Care

In North Texas, Bermuda grass goes dormant in winter. Reduce watering and stop fertilizing in late fall. A pre-winter mowing at a slightly lower height can help prevent fungal diseases.

Making Bermuda Grass Green and Thick

To achieve a green and thick Bermuda lawn, follow these tips:

  1. Consistent Watering: Water deeply and less frequently to encourage deep roots.
  2. Proper Fertilization: Use a nitrogen-rich fertilizer during the growing season.
  3. Regular Mowing: Mow at the correct height regularly.
  4. Weed Control: Apply pre-emergent and post-emergent herbicides as needed.
  5. Overseeding: For an even thicker lawn, overseed with Bermuda grass in spring.


Bermuda grass, with its resilience and attractive appearance, is an excellent choice for lawns in North Texas. Proper planting, watering, fertilizing, and maintenance practices are key to nurturing a healthy, vibrant lawn. By following these guidelines, homeowners and landscapers in North Texas can enjoy a lush, green Bermuda grass lawn that withstands the challenges of the local climate.